The Kabuli Masjid was built by Babur after his historic defeat of the Sultanate forces, led by Sultan Ibrahim Lodi himself, who lost his life in the battle of Panipat (1526). Kabuli Masjid could have been named after his adopted hometown Kabul (Babur's actual native place being Andijan Valley, Uzbekistan) or after his beloved wife Kabuli Begam. In either case, it is symbolically related to the city he chose even to rest his mortal remains, Kabul.
This is the historic area where the first battle of Panipat was fought. A modern statue of Ibrahim Lodi stands alongside his grave, a few hundred metres away, now interrupted by modern suburban houses.
Babur had buried Ibrahim with respect as due to a fallen king. In gratitude for the victory, he built this brick and plaster mosque, in a style not very different from the prevalent style of the Lodis in Delhi, of which one sees several examples scattered all over the capital. However the perch on top of the (high single) dome is different, probably a central Asian imported style. I am not aware of the architect's name either. In recent times the complex has been better maintained and restored from falling into pieces, but a fair amount of damage over time has already taken its toll.
|Western wall of the prayer chamber; mihrab in centre.|
|Underside of the dome|